The access tariff corresponds to the use that generators and consumers make of the distributor’s networks. The prices applied are set by Ministerial Order and can be updated a maximum of once a quarter.

It is normally included in the bill that the supplier sends to the customer, unless the supplier decides to take it on directly with the distributor. The basic structure of this charge is defined in RD 1164/2001 which sets access tariffs for the electricity transport and distribution networks and subsequent corrections. The tariffs vary according to voltage level, supply point and consumption hours.

Types of customer and types of electricity consumption contract

Customer type
Means of signing up for power supply
  • In low voltage (<1,000 V)
  • With a contracted power <=10 kW (almost all domestic customers).
  • Leading marketing company at the voluntary price for the small end-consumer. (PVPC)
  • Free market supplier
  • In high-voltage and low voltage (<1,000 V)
  • With a contracted power >10 kW.
 

  • Free market supplier.
  • Leading marketer if they temporarily lack a contract with a free market supplier (last resort plan with a 20% surcharge)
  • Individuals with a contracted power of less than 3 kW at their principal dwelling.
  • Pensioner consumers aged 60 or over
  • Large families
  • Consumers who can show they form part of a family unit in which all members are currently unemployed
  • Leading marketer with last resort plan (25% discount off Voluntary Price for the Small End-Consumer (PVPC)
Tariff
Characteristics
  • Tariff 2.0A
Simple low voltage tariff (U <=1 kV) – 1 or 2 time periods and Contracted power <= 10 kW
  • Tariff 2.1A
Simple low voltage tariff (U <= 1 kV) – 1 or 2 time periods and contracted power >10 kW y <= 15kW
  • Tariff 3.0A
General low voltage tariff (U <= 1 kV) – 3 time periods
  • Tariff 3.1A
Specific high voltage tariff (U > 1 kV) – 3 time periods and contracted power <= 450 kW
  • Tariff 6X
General high voltage tariffs (U > 1 kV) – 6 time periods and 5 voltage levels

Generator access tariffs

Royal Decree 1544/2011, of 31 October, establishing the transport and distribution network access tariffs to be paid by electricity producers.

Until such a methodology is developed and access tariffs are established in accordance with the provisions of Article 17 of Law 54/1997, of 27 November, on the Power Sector, the generation tariff price to be applied shall be that established in Transitional Provision One of Royal Decree-Law 14/2010, of 23 December, establishing urgent measures for correcting the power sector tariff deficit, which stands at 0.5 EUR/MWh.

Structure of access tariffs

The structure of the access tariffs takes into account an energy cost, an active power cost and, if applicable, a reactive power cost:

Power cost

This is the result of multiplying the energy to be billed in each period by the legally set unit costs (or prices).

This item is included in the bill even if no power has been consumed during the billing period in question.

Reactive power cost

This is the result of multiplying the power consumed during each period by the legally set unit costs (or prices).

This item is included in the bill only if power has been consumed during the billing period in question.

Active power cost

This is the surcharge applied only if reactive power consumption exceeds a pre-set percentage of the active power, within the billing period in question.