It is normally included in the bill that the supplier sends to the customer, unless the supplier decides to take it on directly with the distributor. The basic structure of this charge is defined in RD 1164/2001 which sets access tariffs for the electricity transport and distribution networks and subsequent corrections. The tariffs vary according to voltage level, supply point and consumption hours.
Types of customer and types of electricity consumption contract
Generator access tariffs
Royal Decree 1544/2011, of 31 October, establishing the transport and distribution network access tariffs to be paid by electricity producers.
Until such a methodology is developed and access tariffs are established in accordance with the provisions of Article 17 of Law 54/1997, of 27 November, on the Power Sector, the generation tariff price to be applied shall be that established in Transitional Provision One of Royal Decree-Law 14/2010, of 23 December, establishing urgent measures for correcting the power sector tariff deficit, which stands at 0.5 EUR/MWh.
Structure of access tariffs
The structure of the access tariffs takes into account an energy cost, an active power cost and, if applicable, a reactive power cost:
This is the result of multiplying the energy to be billed in each period by the legally set unit costs (or prices).
This item is included in the bill even if no power has been consumed during the billing period in question.
Active power cost
This is the result of multiplying the power consumed during each period by the legally set unit costs (or prices).
This item is included in the bill only if power has been consumed during the billing period in question.
Reactive power cost
This is the surcharge applied only if reactive power consumption exceeds a pre-set percentage of the active power, within the billing period in question.